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What is urine protein during pregnancy?

admin TAGS: 2017-10-16 14:54

Albumin is a normal protein exist in the blood, usually and normally pregnant, the urine does not appear or only have a very small amount of albumin, when the gravida is suffering from a disease, or the use of the incorrect when urine samples are taken, albumin is present in the urine. "There are usually five possible cases of proteinuria.

5 cases of proteinuria may be

1. pseudo-proteinuria - while taking urine specimens, accidentally contaminated urine

Why: Anatomical causes of the female reproductive system, and next urethral short and vaginal, pregnant women with genital tract inflammation, vaginal secretions, urine samples were taken improperly, can easily lead to vaginal secretions pollution, also can appear albuminuria and misdiagnosis.

The correct approach: When to leave the urine specimens, excrete the beginning of the urine, take the middle of the urine to check.

2. Hypertensive disease of pregnancy

Why: edema, proteinuria, and hypertension are three major symptoms of gestational hypertension. If there is edema or proteinuria accompanied by high blood pressure, risk of suffering from high hypertensive disorders of pregnancy is very high.

Pregnancy-induced hypertension is a pregnancy-specific disease. The incidence rate in China is 9.4%, while the incidence of foreign reports is 7% to 12%. Most only in pregnancy, a transient hypertension, proteinuria, after childbirth will disappear.

Pregnant women due to decreased glomerular filtration rate, plasma protein from the glomerular leakage of proteinuria, the amount of proteinuria also reflects the severity of hypertensive disorders in pregnancy.

3. kidney disease

Have kidney disease before pregnancy - pregnancy will make the disease further aggravate

Pregnancy increases the body's metabolism and increases the volume of blood in the body, and the burden on the kidneys and other organs, which can aggravate the condition of the original kidney disease.

Occult nephritis - no symptoms of kidney disease before pregnancy

Often have symptoms in the middle, late period, blood samples are needed for further examination of plasma microspheres, visit the nephrology department at the same time, take timely diagnosis and treatment.

4. Essential Hypertension

Why: Patient have been suffering from high blood pressure before pregnancy or have a family history of hypertension, are likely to appear during pregnancy proteinuria.

Hypertension on the body of all organs are damaged, will damage the glomerular cause proteinuria; and kidney damage will further increase the high blood pressure.

5. Pregnancy proteinuria - edema, proteinuria, but no other symptoms

Why: proteinuria, limb edema, but no blood pressure and other discomfort during pregnancy. In fact, often in the clinical pregnancy proteinuria included in the range of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy to consider.

Sometimes the mother's basic blood pressure is relatively low (lower than normal), although the blood pressure during pregnancy is higher than usual, but did not meet the criteria for diagnosis of hypertension.

 

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