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What are dietary recommendations for patients with nephrotic syndrome include?

admin TAGS: 2017-08-26 15:46

What are dietary recommendations for patients with nephrotic syndrome include? Nephrotic syndrome is now known for all the people, a lot of people are deeply hurt for nephrotic syndrome, nephrotic syndrome diet is concerned, the following is introduction of dietary recommendations in nephrotic syndrome.

One. control of water and sodium salts intake

Nephrotic syndrome patients had obvious edema, therefore, is very important for the control of water and sodium intake, obvious edema should control water and salt intake, feeding, water intake should be limited to 500 ml per day, salt (i.e. sodium salt, commercially available salt intake in control) 2 to 3 grams per day. If you have severe edema, you can only eat 0.5 grams of sodium salt or eat salt free diet every day. You should fast salted fish, bacon, salted duck egg, preserved egg, fermented beancurd and all kinds of salted vegetables. When cooking without salt, soy sauce 5 grams per day available to l0 (generally 4 ~ 5 Kezhongyue soy sauce contains 1 grams of salt). The height of edema, but also should be fasting alkali containing sodium staple food and vegetables, such as making use baking soda or alkali Steamed Buns, cake and spinach, rape, cabbage and radish.
Dietary recommendations in nephrotic syndrome-control of water Dietary recommendations in nephrotic syndrome-sodium salts intake

Two. Dietary recommendations in nephrotic syndrome - give the essential protein

In patients with nephrotic syndrome, large amounts of protein are lost in the urine and prolonged hypoproteinemia leads to a negative balance of nitrogen and is in a state of malnutrition. If the patient has good renal function, a high protein diet may be given. Adults supply 1 to 5~2 grams of protein per kilogram of body weight per day, calculated at 60 kg body weight, to be 90~120 grams of protein, to prevent serum protein lowering, anemia, and nutritional edema. Should choose more eggs, pigs (or sheep, cattle) lean meat, chicken, fish and other foods rich in high protein. Proteins with high biological value (high quality protein) account for 60% to 70% of the total protein. Modern studies have shown that high protein diet can cause glomerular perfusion, high filtration, and promote the glomerular sclerosis and renal interstitial inflammation and fibrosis, so it does not advocate long-term intake of high protein diet. Many scholars now advocate the use of soy protein based diet therapy. For patients with chronic and non severe nephrotic syndrome, a small amount of high quality protein should be ingested. Adults weigh 0.7 to 1 grams per kilogram of body weight per day, with a total body protein of 42~60 grams, with a total weight of 60 grams per day. But the occurrence of renal damage, nitrogen retention (assay blood urea nitrogen and serum creatinine values higher than normal), to limit the intake of protein, and should be in the low protein diet, adult daily 0.65 grams per kg of body weight, 60 kg weight, and all day long supply protein quality of 39 grams per day, the supply of protein total amount control in less than 40 grams.

Three, Dietary recommendations in nephrotic syndrome should be provided with sufficient heat energy

Calories in the diet should be sufficient to maintain the actual needs of patients with nephrotic syndrome to ensure full utilization of the protein. Energy value is not less than 146 thousand and 400 jiao per kilogram of body weight per day. Considering the patients often poor appetite, or bad appetite, how to make the patients willing to intake of calories should be in the cooking part to work on, achieve persification of varieties, reasonable nutrition, flavor and shape is good, to improve the patient's appetite, enhance the ability of the disease resistance.

Four. Dietary recommendations in nephrotic syndrome - take a low fat diet

High blood lipid (or hyperlipidemia) is one of the most important diseases of nephrotic syndrome. Therefore, patients should take a low fat diet, every day adults (60 kg body weight) to provide total fat 50~70 grams, accounting for total heat 20%I) 2T. Animal fats (except fish oil) cholesterol and saturated fatty acids, unsaturated fatty acid containing less, not more food in patients with nephrotic syndrome; and vegetable oils (coconut oil except) on the contrary, suitable for edible nephropathy syndrome. In order to reduce hyperlipidemia by nephrotic syndrome patients should eat vegetable oil, corn germ oil, sesame oil, sunflower oil, a diet rich in soluble cellulose (such as oats, rice bran etc.) food, but also conducive to reducing blood lipid.

The above is the Dietary recommendations in nephrotic syndrome, now everyone should have a certain understanding of it, do not ignore Dietary recommendations in nephrotic syndrome note, I hope this will be helpful to you, I wish you health!

 

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