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What are the nursing methods of children with diabetes?

admin TAGS: 2017-09-25 17:41

With the standard of living continues to improve, children are more likely to suffer from diabetes. When children suffer from diabetes, how should the patients and their families take care of the body properly? Then, what are the nursing methods for children with diabetes?

What are the nursing methods of children with diabetes?

1. Diet care: generally do not need special restrictions, intake of digestible diet, such as high-quality protein, a small amount of fat, enough carbohydrates and high vitamin diet; salt intake is generally controlled at 2g daily, severe edema can be salt free diet, but according to the serum sodium levels continue to adjust, not long-term limit salt; proteinuria during protein intake should not be too much, in order to control the daily 2g/kg is appropriate, due to excessive intake of protein can aggravate proteinuria and promote the progress of renal disease, it is not a high protein diet; to reduce hyperlipidemia should eat less animal fat, vegetable fat or fish oil is appropriate, while increasing the diet rich in soluble fiber such as oats, rice bran and beans; Due to a large number of proteinuria and protein combined with the loss of calcium, while the application of glucocorticoids can reduce intestinal absorption of calcium, and increase the function of the parathyroid gland to promote bone absorption increased, can cause the body calcium deficiency, and osteoporosis, should pay attention to intake of calcium and vitamin D foods.

2. To provide the appropriate resting environment: children with diabetic nephropathy long stay in hospital, the room should be clean and comfortable, the room layout should be suitable for pediatric psychological characteristics, full of childlike; due to fatigue is caused by the recurrence of the disease, so to restrict the activities of diabetic nephropathy in children, but generally do not have strict bed rest, only severe edema bed; from time to time out of bed on weekdays slightly walk, can maintain the normal patterns of life, also can promote blood circulation, prevent thrombosis, but not to overwork, lest the disease appeared repeatedly.

Parents should pay attention to the care of children with diabetes, hoping to help you. Mild diabetes patients can exercise the body to enhance the body's immune system, scientific and reasonable diet is conducive to adjuvant therapy.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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