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How much do you know about systemic lupus erythematosus?

admin TAGS: 2017-10-11 14:59

Systemic lupus erythematosus is an autoimmune inflammatory connective tissue disease involving multiple organs in young women, and the early, mild and atypical cases is increasing. Some critically ill patients (except for patients with diffuse proliferative glomerulonephritis), and sometimes self-mitigation. Some patients were "transient" attack, after several months of short course of disease can be completely disappeared.

What are the symptoms and signs of systemic lupus erythematosus?

Skin and mucous membranes: pided into two types of specific and non-specific.

① specific lesions have butterfly erythema, subacute skin lupus erythematosus, discoid erythema and neonatal lupus.

② non-specific lesions have light allergy, hair loss, mouth ulcers, skin vasculitis, Renault phenomenon, urticaria-like, rare lupus panniculitis or deep bullous lupus and lupus erythematosus.

Skeletal muscle: joint pain, arthritis, joint deformity and myalgia, muscle weakness.

Heart involvement: congestive heart failure, heart valve disease, chest pain, respiratory system

Kidney: clinical manifestations of nephritis or nephrotic syndrome.

Nervous system: may have convulsions, mental disorders, forgotten / cognitive dysfunction, dementia and consciousness change. Blood system: may have anemia and so on

Digestive system: may have anorexia, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, ascites, liver, liver dysfunction and pancreatitis. Other: can be combined with hyperthyroidism or low, Sjogren's syndrome and other diseases.

What are the precautions for systemic lupus erythematosus?

1, to avoid direct sunlight, go out to do sun protection measures.

2, diet should be light, easy to digest, high protein, high calorie food. When combined with kidney damage, give a low salt or low protein diet.

3, to avoid eating mushrooms, parsley, celery, seafood, lamb, longan and other warm food and spicy food.

4, pay attention to calcium, to pre-fracture occurred.

5, pay attention to the activities of joint exercise.

6, skin care nails do not cut too short to prevent damage to the skin around the nails.

7, in the prevention of infection should be as little as possible to public places, to prevent colds, once found infection immediately treatment. Various vaccinations are prohibited.

8, pay attention to hormones and immunosuppressive agents of the various side effects, if the corresponding symptoms are timely follow-up treatment.

9, prescribed medication, shall not arbitrarily increase, reduce or withdrawal.

10, diet pay attention to high protein, high calorie, high vitamin, such as kidney damage is low-salt diet, pay attention to calcium, to pre-fracture occurred.

11, regular review, to understand their own condition.

12, women should be pregnant under the guidance of a doctor.

 

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