Must hypertensive nephropathy be quit smoke and liquor? Usually men focus this problem, hypertensive nephropathy not only is quit smoke and liquor, and have many details need to pay attention to. Hypertensive nephropathy refers to primary hypertension that caused to benign arteriolar nephrosclerosis and malignant arteriolar nephrosclerosis with the disease with correspondence clinical expression. High blood pressure is one of the reasons that caused to renal failure. Chronically high blood pressure would make the renal function declined gradually, even renal failure. The diet should protect the renal function and prevent the decrease of renal function.
Must be quit smoke and liquor? Besides smoke and liquor, what should pay attention to as well?
It must be quit smoke and liquor: the patients with hypertensive nephropathy should give up smoking and drinking, because the intake of smoke and liquor will cause to the injury of heart、brain、kidney. The following you also should pay attention to:
1、Limit salt: light diet, and eat less salt food; eat less curing food, such as aginomoto、sauce、pickles、tomato sauce、Chinese pickles and so on; eat less cooked frozen food, such as sausage、spiced beef、pork luncheon meat、carbonado and so on, canned food and fast food; eat less snacks、ice-cream、juice. The regulations of WHO: everyday the intake of salt should less than 6g for one person. For hypertensive nephropathy the intake of salt should control in 2-3g.
More salt make angiosclerosis and blood pressure elevation, limit salt can not only improve the effect of hypotensor, but also decrease the dosage of hypotensor and decline the side effect.
2、Limit lipid: the patient with hypertensive nephropathy should limit the intake of fat, especially animal fat contains more enough cholesterol, it can accelerate arteriosclerosis.
3、Limit sugar: eat less sweet food, due to it contains rich sugar, could transform into fat, promote arteriosclerosis.
4、Supplement fine protein and vitamin: the hypertensive nephropathy should eat food with enrich fine protein and vitamin, such as fish、eggs、lean and soy bean product like tofu. Eat more vegetable and fruit with high kalium, vegetable like tomato、celery、pumpkin、mushroom and all kinds of green vegetables; fruit like orange、apple、banana、persimmon、kiwi fruit、water melon、pineapple.
In addition to these details, the patients should keep a good mood, have a regular diet and daily life, and attend physical exercise moderately, control your weight in a certain standard, all of these are beneficial to your recovery.