Many patients with nephrotic syndrome and their families will take the initiative to eat a lot of fish and meat and other high protein foods. The reason is that patients with nephrotic syndrome heard that many proteins in the disease are removed from the urine and the protein in the body is reduced. Therefore, a high protein diet should be carried out. On the contrary, some patients have heard that eating more protein, the more urine out, the more urine protein, the greater the harm to the kidneys, the result is not eating fish and meat and other foods containing high protein. So what about the nephrotic syndrome protein diet?
Patients with nephrotic syndrome due to a large number of loss of protein from the urine, the body will lack the protein, hypoproteinemia long time, cause negative nitrogen balance, the body in a state of malnutrition.Therefore, if you do not give a high protein diet, the body is detrimental, may make the serum protein lower, anemia, malnutrition, edema and so on. At this time adults can be in accordance with the weight of 1.5 to 2 grams per kilogram of protein, if the weight is 70 kg, should eat 105 to 140 grams of protein. Should be more eggs, lean meat (pigs, cattle, sheep, etc.), chicken, fish, etc., these foods contain high-quality protein, said they are high-quality protein, because they are high biological value. High-quality protein to account for 60 to 70% of the total protein is better. Modern studies have shown that high-protein diet can cause high glomerular perfusion, high filtration, promote glomerulosclerosis, renal interstitial inflammation and fibrosis, so do not advocate long-term eating high protein diet.
If the nephrotic syndrome into the chronic, non-serious period, the protein intake should be reduced, adults per day per kilogram of body weight 0.7 to 1 gram to 70 kg body weight, the daily consumption of protein 49 to 70 grams.
If the patients with nephrotic syndrome in patients with renal dysfunction, the occurrence of nitrogen retention, blood urea nitrogen and serum creatinine check higher than normal, it is necessary to limit the amount of protein, and low-protein diet, adults per kilogram of body weight per day 0.5 to 0.7 grams, if Weight of 70 kg, then the whole day can eat about 35 to 49 grams of protein.
In short, to answer how should a protein diet be used in patients with nephrotic syndrome, you can use the following three words summarized:
1. When the renal function is normal, nephrotic syndrome diet should be like this:
(1) in the acute, severe period, can eat high protein diet, the amount of daily weight per kilogram of 1.5 to 2 grams.
(2) in the chronic, non-severe period, to reduce the intake of high protein diet, the amount of daily weight per kilogram of 0.7 to 1 gram.
2. When the renal function is not normal, there is nitrogen retention, blood urea nitrogen and serum creatinine higher than normal, nephrotic syndrome protein diet:
To low-protein diet, 0.5 to 0.7 grams per kilogram of body weight per day.
3. Among the proteins in the diet, high quality proteins account for 60 to 70% of the total protein.
The above is a simple summary of the nephrotic syndrome protein diet, hope to help you, if there are other questions, please consult our online doctor or give us a message.