What are the dietary principles of chronic renal failure? Chronic renal failure, also known as uremia, can cause cardiovascular, cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, nervous and muscle systems of a variety of symptoms. So what are the dietary principles of chronic renal failure? The following is related to the introduction.
Sufficient calories must be guaranteed Daily: about 8368 - 12552kj per person per day. In acute phase, the patient can not take food for 2 or 3 days, and can use venous transfusion to supplement the heat and nutrition.
Supply of high quality protein: When the patient's renal function is in the early and middle stage of injury, that is, the glomerular filtration rate (GRF) is about >25ml/min, the protein intake is about 0.6 per kilogram of body weight per day, and the amount of protein must be filled at the same time.
Low salt and low sodium: patients in chronic renal failure with hypertension and edema, to limit the sodium and sodium-rich foods, if necessary, with salt-free diet. When eating diuretics or accompanied by vomiting, diarrhea, should not limit sodium salt.
Maintain water balance: chronic kidney failure in patients with water balance is very important, the amount of liquid intake should be determined according to the discharge. Must be under the guidance of a doctor, the liquid supplement should prevent excessive intake of water, discharge obstacles, and aggravate edema.
Chronic renal failure with high potassium, should limit food containing potassium, avoid eating fruit juice, careful selection of vegetables and fruits.
On the issue of chronic renal failure diet to introduce you here, would like to know more information on chronic renal failure, you can refer to the site of the article or give us a message for consultation. Tong Shan Tang experts advise: the occurrence of chronic renal failure to early examination and treatment, so as not to miss the opportunity of treatment.