Excessive fluid accumulation in the subcutaneous, tissue space or body cavity (chest, abdominal cavity, etc.) is called edema. Edema can be manifested as localized edema and systemic edema, which often have pleural effusion, ascites and pericardial effusion.
According to the pathogenesis of systemic edema and can be pided into renal edema, hepatic edema, cardiac edema, malnutrition edema, myxedema, idiopathic edema.
The edematous manifestations of these conditions may be similar , but with different symptoms , concomitant symptoms contribute to the identification of several types of edema :
1, with chest tightness, shortness of breath, cyanosis, heart palpitations, can not be supine, jugular vein engorgement often prompted for cardiogenic edema;
2, accompanied by abdominal distension, abdominal pain, liver, jaundice, liver dysfunction more common in liver-derived edema;
3, with weight loss, weight loss is common in malnutrition edema;
4, with face thick face, unresponsive, thinning hairbrush, tongue mostly mucinous edema;
5, with hematuria, proteinuria often renal edema.
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