Glomerulonephritis is called a hidden killer, because the early proteinuria hematuria without symptoms, if not urine can not be found, even if there is no kidney damage, but proteinuria may gradually damage the renal structure, if without timely treatment and repair, scars may be repaired, and the kidneys will become fibrosis and sclerosis, resulting in irreversible lesions.
What are the hazards of glomerulonephritis?
Edema: systemic capillary permeability increases, causing mild edema. More common in capillary proliferative glomerulonephritis. Due to oliguria or anuria to make water, sodium retention in the body. It is found in capillary proliferative glomerulonephritis, crescent glomerulonephritis, and sclerosing glomerulonephritis. Due to a large number of proteinuria, hypoproteinemia, the decline in plasma colloid osmotic pressure, resulting in a high degree of edema. It is found in small denatured glomerulonephritis, membranous glomerulonephritis, membranous proliferative glomerulonephritis and so on.
Chronic glomerulonephritis can lead to a certain degree of heart and lung edema and renal hypertension, if the longer duration, it will also cause the appearance of heart failure and pulmonary edema, which is the reason that causes chronic glomerulonephritis patient to appear chest stuffy breath is urgent, cannot walk and lie down.
Central nervous system symptoms. May have headaches, dizziness, loss of appetite, fatigue, insomnia, etc., which is related to hypertension, anemia, certain metabolic and endocrine disorders.
Urinary abnormalities. Glomerulonephritis can cause the majority of patients with less urine, most less than 1000ml per day, a few can appear oliguria, often accompanied by swelling; The renal tubule function damage was more obvious, the urine volume was increased, accompanied by nocturnal urine, swelling was not obvious, and even dehydration.
Renal hypertension. Due to glomerular ischemia, increased renin secretion; oliguria and anuria lead to water retention in the body, effective blood circulation increased. Found in capillaries proliferative glomerulonephritis, membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis, crescentic glomerulonephritis and sclerosing glomerulonephritis.
General glomerulonephritis patients will know that such as wine, tea, coffee, etc. can not eat, there are all kinds of spicy condiments such as onions, ginger, garlic, curry, mustard, pepper; all kinds of spices and vegetables containing volatile oil, Such as leeks, fennel, celery Lai, carrots and so on. Nephritis patients regardless of the extent of the disease, should eat or not eat salt foods, so as to avoid sodium and water retention, aggravating edema.