Chronic nephritis has long duration, the disease is easy to relapse, the factors that cause the recurrence of the disease are mainly related to the lifestyle. Experts point out that strengthening self-care and developing a good lifestyle are helpful to avoid and reduce the recurrence of the disease.
First, regular lifestyle, work and rest on time, to prevent fatigue.
Fatigue is an important factor of the recurrence of chronic nephritis. Chronic nephritis patients should pay special attention to regular lifestyle, sleep on time, sleep time at night should not be less than 7 hours, during day time should have nap about 1 hour, so that physical and mental energy can be promptly restored.
Second, keep warm, pay attention to health, prevent colds.
Chronic nephritis patients must start to prevent respiratory tract infection: First, according to climate change at any time to increase clothes, blankets, etc; second is to prevent the rain, cold, avoid crowded, airless public places; third is to pay attention to personal hygiene and sanitation.
Third, light diet, low fat and salt to protect renal function.
Chronic nephritis patients must take light diet, strict restrictions on salt and fat intake, and appropriate reduction of protein intake. Specifically, daily intake of salt should be less than 5 grams. Daily intake of fat does not exceed 30% of the total, and avoid animal fats and animal foods that contain high cholesterol. Protein should be based mainly on high-quality protein, lean meat, eggs, milk, etc, limited in 60 grams.
Fourth, the combination of static and dynamic, moderate exercise, enhance physical fitness.
Chronic nephritis patients should rest mainly, this is the premise, but when the condition turned to a stable state, it is necessary to have the combination of static and dynamic, appropriate to participate in aerobic exercise, such as walking, Tai Chi, square dance, jogging, etc, it is conducive to enhance physical fitness, improve immunity, repeated beneficial to prevent illness. Need to pay attention to the problem: Each activity can not be too long, 20 to 30 minutes; after the event to rest for about half an hour to prevent fatigue.
Fifth, optimistic, steady state of mind, strengthen psychological adjustment.
Patients with chronic nephritis should actively adjust their mentality and try their best to maintain a optimistic and open-minded attitude so as to enhance their confidence and cooperate with treatment so as to improve and smooth their condition and avoid recurrence and prolongation of their illness.
Six, contact the doctor, take regular review, to grasp the condition changes.
Chronic nephritis patients have a relatively fixed doctor, to maintain regular contact, so that familiar with the doctor to understand the changes in the disease, observe the effect of prevention and treatment and adjust the treatment program. In addition, patients should be regularly reviewed in the hospital, usually every 2 to 3 months review of liver and kidney function, a comprehensive physical examination once every six months.
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