The kidney is not only the detoxification system of the human body, but also an important part of maintaining the normal operation of the body. However, with the intensification of environmental pollution and the change of people's living habits, more and more people have got kidney disease, especially the occurrence of nephritis. To the patient's health brought serious influence. Urine routine check urine protein and / or occult blood positive, but asymptomatic, is this chronic nephritis?
First of all, it should be clear that once there is a positive urine protein and or occult blood positive, consider the kidney may have a problem. Under normal circumstances, urine will have a very small amount of protein, red blood cells, generally will not be positive; However, the occasional positive results do not represent kidney problems and need to be reviewed and monitored. By hematuria, albuminuria is persistent.
Glomerular diseases include kidney damage caused by primary, secondary and hereditary diseases. Glomerular diseases are classified into five types of syndromes: acute glomerulonephritis syndrome, acute glomerulonephritis syndrome, and progressive glomerulonephritis syndrome. Chronic glomerulonephritis syndrome, occult glomerulonephritis and nephrotic syndrome. Chronic glomerulonephritis, it is only a glomerular disease.
There is a type of proteinuria called functional proteinuria, such as hyperthermia, intense exercise, or proteinuria that occurs for too long in an upright position, which is mostly transient, physiological, and once thought to be no problem; but now it has been found, The so-called physiological proteinuria is not necessarily completely unproblematic. Therefore, we should also pay attention to the occasional detection of proteinuria, which should be reviewed periodically, such as half a year or a year. Urine routine or 24-hour urinary protein quantification can be reviewed regularly.
How to treat nephritis best?
Patients with mild edema of nephritis need not be treated, and can disappear through salt limitation and rest. Obviously, patients with edema can be treated with medicine, and generally intermittent use is better than continuous application. It is very important to rest in bed with acute nephritis. Edema subsided and blood pressure decreased. After abatement of urine, the patient can undertake a proper amount of walking, gradually increase some mild activity, but do not suddenly increase the amount of activity.
Patients with acute nephritis should be given adequate anti-infective treatment in the presence of an infected focus. Patients with hypertensive nephritis need routine treatment of hypertension. Patients with congestive heart failure are due to acute glomerulonephritis. The patient had a high blood volume problem at an early stage, Its treatment focuses on removing water, sodium storage, and reducing blood volume.