Chronic nephritis is the most common type of nephritis. Traditionally, chronic nephritis is often referred to as nephritis. Symptoms of chronic nephritis can occur in other patients with different types of nephritis. However, the stage of nephritis is different, and its symptoms will be different. What are the symptoms of nephritis? Chronic nephritis is the representative of the symptoms of nephritis in detail.
1, nephritis nephritis patients with prodromal symptoms occurred in the week before 1 nephritis with respiratory or skin infection, such as acute pharyngitis, tonsillitis, gum abscess, scarlet fever, measles, chickenpox, impetigo, no prodromal symptoms can be part of patients with nephritis.
2, the early symptoms of patients with chronic nephritis, nephritis early lack of specific symptoms, patients usually have fatigue, fatigue, back pain, eyelid, face and ankle edema, urinary foam increased, abnormal color of urine, hematuria, nighttime urination and urine volume increased.
Hematuria: hematuria is often one of the symptoms of nephritis (40 - 70%), dark urine turbid red brown or wash water meat, usually disappear in a few days, 1 - 2 weeks also sustainable to hematuria, microscopic hematuria disappeared in 6 months, also sustainable 1 3 years before it disappeared.
Edema and oliguria: edema is the first symptom of nephritis, accounting for about 70%. Edema occurs in the face and eyelids. Many nephritis patients often have swollen eyelids when they get up early in the morning. Nephritis patients appear eyelids, facial swelling, often accompanied by facial pallor, showing nephritis face. Edema can also spread to the lower extremities. In severe cases, there are pleural effusion, ascites and pericardial effusion. Oliguria and edema at the same time, the amount of urine at the onset of less than usual, the daily urine volume of less than 400ml, and with swelling, and the amount of urine decreased, inpidual patients can occur without urine phenomenon. After effective treatment, the majority of nephritis patients with edema symptoms can improve with the illness subsided.
The clinical symptoms of 3, with the progress of the course of nephritis nephritis, nephritis patients except showed the early symptoms, in clinical nephritis patients will also appear with some symptoms such as high blood pressure, visual disturbance, headache, anemia etc..
After the occurrence of hypertension nephritis, the blood pressure of patients can be increased from mild to moderate, and the average adult is 20~21.3/12~14.7kpa. With the increase in urine, nephritis patients will gradually normal blood pressure, generally lasting 2-4 weeks. A few patients may be due to a sharp increase in blood pressure (> 26.7/17.3kpa) caused by hypertensive encephalopathy or left heart failure, high blood pressure and water and sodium retention, increased renin secretion, reduce the secretion of prostaglandin. In addition, some patients presented with hypertension as the typical symptom of nephritis.
After the occurrence of nervous system symptoms and nephritis, with the delay of the course of disease, patients will appear a series of nervous system accompanied by symptoms, mainly headache, nausea, vomiting, insomnia, mental retardation and so on. Patients with severe nephritis may also have visual impairment, even amaurosis, coma, convulsions and other symptoms, and the nephritis patients with elevated blood pressure, sodium and water retention on.
Anemia, nephritis patients continue to deteriorate, patients in the clinic with anemia symptoms, fatigue, dizziness, pale complexion and so on.
Because the human kidney has a strong compensatory capacity, nephritis, the kidneys have been damaged, but people do not have any sense. In the early stage, the symptoms of nephritis are not obvious, and it is not easy to arouse people's attention, which leads to the worsening progression of nephritis, which brings some difficulty for the later treatment of nephrosis. Therefore, we must fully understand the early symptoms of nephritis, early treatment, effectively prevent the deterioration of nephritis development. Early detection of nephritis symptoms has become the key to the treatment of nephritis patients.