Clinical survey found that 40% of patients with glomerulonephritis first found hematuria and seek medical treatment; 90% of cases of edema, light eyelid edema after the morning, severe edema extended to the body. Some patients with high blood pressure and headache, almost all the urine tests found proteinuria.
Five typical symptoms of glomerulonephritis
Edema, it is one of the typical symptoms of glomerulonephritis, mostly mild to moderate edema or edema of the eyelids or lower extremities. Serious cases may be associated with pleural effusion, ascites and perineal edema. Some patients with hypertension, can develop hypertensive heart disease and cerebrovascular disease.
Hematuria, hematuria should be promptly found. Bleeding volume, the naked eye can be found that the gross hematuria; less bleeding, the naked eye can not see, microscopic observation can be found in microscopic hematuria.
Proteinuria, glomerular nephritis, glomerular capillary wall permeability increased, plasma albumin by the basement membrane filtration, resulting in proteinuria, so the most important feature of glomerulonephritis is proteinuria. Often have urine foam and difficult to spread, if after there is cloudy urine or after urine the bubble lasts for a long time, should be vigilant about it, should take timely medical treatment to do routine urine, 24-hour urine protein and other tests.
Cylindruria, urinary cylinder is formed of urine protein coagulation and precipitation, so in glomerular nephritis, there is urinary cylinder in urine. It should be noted that when there is only urine protein but no urinary cylinder, can not reflect the glomerular lesions. Conversely, only urinary cylinder and no protein doesn’t indicate glomerular lesions. Only in the urine of both protein and urinary cylinder, indicates glomerular lesions.
Hypertension, the kidneys through the regulation of water and sodium metabolism, affecting the effective circulating blood volume, while producing renin, affecting the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system and lead to high blood pressure. Chronic glomerulonephritis incidence of hypertension was 33.3%, uremia was 84%.
In addition to the above five symptoms, some patients may also have apathetic, loss of appetite, pale, anemia, merger of these symptoms, should consider chronic renal failure, it is appropriate to do blood, urine related checks. To understand the early symptoms of glomerulonephritis, early detection, early treatment.