Why does kidney syndrome cause thrombosis?
High blood lipids: In our body, albumin and lipoprotein manufacturing ratio is 1: 1, urinary protein leaks, albumin lost with the urine, but the lipoprotein is too large to leak out, it left. This lipoprotein more and more, the formation of hyperlipidemia. Severe hyperlipidemia (nephrotic syndrome, lipid levels higher than ordinary hyperlipidemia) can cause blood viscosity.
High blood clotting: the molecular weight of anticoagulant factor is small, and the molecular weight of coagulation factor is large. The anticoagulant factor is the first lost and more serious in nephrotic syndrome, at this time, the coagulation factor is relatively dominant. In addition, the combined action of the two causes the body to be in a hypercoagulable state and is particularly prone to thrombosis.
Severe nephrotic syndrome not only occurs in lower extremity venous thrombosis, but also occurs in renal vein thrombosis, and may cause pulmonary embolism and cerebral embolism.Thromboembolic complications are one of the most serious complications of nephrotic syndrome and can even be fatal if not handled properly.
How to prevent thrombosis?
Appropriate exercise to avoid long-term bed rest;
Appropriate lipid-lowering fibrinolytic treatment, to avoid excessive diuretic;
Correct hypoproteinemia, change low blood volume, to ensure effective perfusion of blood circulation;
Appropriate anticoagulation, prophylactic treatment with appropriate anticoagulants according to guidelines and norms;
Should pay attention to reasonable diet, adhere to a reasonable high-quality protein intake, to ensure calories and reduce high-fat high-oil diet, appropriate to increase the diet rich in cellulose and vitamins; actively cooperate with doctors to control urinary protein, reduce urine protein leakage.
How do you know if you have a thrombus?
If there is a thrombus, the tendency of early detection of thrombosis is very important, the following teach you a few ways to identify:
1, should always pay attention to observe the local skin color changes, such as skin stiffness and pigmentation, degree of swelling, superficial vein varicose veins and so on;
2, touch the skin temperature of the lower limbs, understand the situation of blood circulation through changes in limb temperature;
3, take the tape measure around the leg circumference, compared with the other side, if the gap between the legs on both sides is greater than 0.5cm, we must highly doubt whether the formation of thrombus;
4, sudden low back pain, hematuria, hematuria increased or oliguria, suggesting that renal vein thrombosis may occur;
5, unexplained cough, hemoptysis or breathing difficulties, timely measurement of blood pressure, heart rate and blood oxygen concentration as soon as possible to confirm and deal with;
6, suddenly one side of the body can not move, aphasia, demeanor, have to think of possible cerebral embolism, to be diagnosed quickly, as soon as possible treatment.
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