Immunosuppressive agents are the main cause of postoperative hypertension. If you have high blood pressure before surgery, then the possibility of postoperative hypertension will increase, and if you have water retention or kidney dysfunction, the incidence of hypertension may also increase.
High blood pressure can cause bad effects on all organs of your body. Can damage your heart and kidney, so that your body is prone to some serious complications, such as stroke. Fortunately, many drugs are now being used for the treatment of hypertension, and most of them have good curative effect.
If your blood pressure rises because the dosage of immunosuppressant is too large, it should be cut off immediately. If your blood pressure rises and your immune inhibitor levels are normal, you can use some non pharmacological methods to control your blood pressure, such as exercise, weight loss, and low sodium diet. If your high blood pressure is related to water retention, your doctor may ask you to take diuretics. If it is related to renal insufficiency, your doctor will take appropriate measures to improve kidney function.
There are many drugs for the treatment of hypertension, the most common three categories: the first category known as calcium channel blockers, such as verapamil, nifedipine, nimodipine and so on. Calcium channel blockers can cause sodium retention and increased blood concentration of cyclosporine A and tacrolimus, so when you first while taking the drug, should pay attention to monitoring of blood concentration of immunosuppressive agents. The second class is called renin angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors, such as Kato Pury, when you have poor renal function, in order to prevent hyperkalemia caused by ACEI, you should always keep in touch with doctors. The third class is called beta blockers, such as propranolol, if you have asthma, bronchitis or diabetes, you should consult your transplant physician before using these drugs.