1、Patients should son’t eat salty food, spicy stimulation food, polluted food, barbecue food, patients with renal insufficiency or uremia should pay attention not to eat bean and bean products,limit animal high protein food and greasy food.
2、The intake of water: All kinds of kidney disease are because of different aetiological agent and course of the disease, the treating measures are different, in the mild renal failure, the renal function of enrichment decrease, metabolite in the body need more water to be eliminate out of kidney, so patients should not blindly limit water without obvious edema, heart failure, high blood pressure. The patients with chronic renal failure don’t think renal failure should limit strictly water, the excessive limit of water is easy to aggravate deterioration of renal function.
3、Without picky food:Patients can eat the whole grains, fresh vegetables and fruits, the lean of beef, lamb and pork.
4、The diet should be processed. Patients should eat less crude food and the coarse fiber food such as celery, rape, bamboo shoots, leek, pineapple,etc. These food can wear the gastrointestinal mucosa, induce or aggravate gastrointestinal bleeding.
5、Patients should forbidden smoking and drinking to avoid inducing and aggravating alimentary tract hemorrhage. Patients with high blood pressure or edema should control salt to adjust according to the condition of renal function, not all the patients with chronic renal insufficiency need to strictly limit salt.