Kidney disease usually have some complications or aggravate the condition due to poor diet control. Each patient has different injury degrees for renal function, and its ability to discharge nitrogen and electrolyte and it can bear the different quality of protein and other substance, so that its condition is also different. The same disease different individual have different diet therapy, and one patient different phases have different diet theraoy.
For latent patients, often have light symptoms, so they don’t need to limit food strictly.
But for kidney disease patients, need to supplement much protein every day, can offer 2-3g per kilo body weight each day, total protein could up to 100-150, and it is better to choose fine protein food, such as milk group、meat、fish and shrimp、soy bean product and so on.
If the patients with increasing cholesterol, yolk should also limit, other foods contain cholesterol should eat less, such as brains、roe、speck and pluck. According to the degrees of edema, separately supply for lower salt and no salt diet. And limit the food that would stimulate the kidney cells, such as liquor and juice with alcohol, acrid condiment and volatile oil、capsaicin、and all kinds of vegetable with more oxalic acid( like spinach、Chinese chives、celery、garlic bolt、onion and baby carrot).
If have serious anemia, can supplement some food with enrich iron、vitamin12、folic acid, such as agaric、red dates、longan、phaseolus calcaratus and all kinds of green vegetables like rape、pakchoi. There are some foods are helpful to subside the swelling and have an effect on diuresis, such as carp、crucian、goat milk、wax gourd、water melon、mung bean、phaseolus calcaratus、corn、zizania aquatica、eggplant、calabash. Watermeion peels boiled with water have a good effect on diuresis.
Patients with enrichment function disorder, but can urinate normally, and don’t need to limit water. Only the patient has renal failure symptoms, like decreasing urine, at this time need to limit water and protein strictly. Right now can treat the condition according to the uremia diet therapy.
At last, if the patient is the hypertension kidney disease, should pay attention to adapt lower salt or no salt diet, protein and heat are not too high. To prevent arteriosclerosis and notice to limit cholesterol, when having the combination of heart failure, should limit water and salt strictly.
In a word, it is most important for kidney disease patients to have a scientific diet, can’t lump together, and must take it under the guidance of the expert.