For acute nephritis patient:
1、Firstly, should limit the intake of water, the intake of water is suitable of yesterday urine added 500ml. In the condition of oliguria or anuria, should limit fruits and vegetables contain more kalium, like orange、banana、lean beef、nori、kelp、longan、winter jujube、tremella、agaric、day lily、dried vegetable.
2、Should take lower salt diet, in the condition of no swelling、high blood pressure, everyday salt intake is about 4g, in the condition of swelling、high blood pressure, should offer lower diet salt, everyday intake is 2-3g, or no salt diet, everyday intake is less than 0.5g, avoid eating food with enrich salt, such as salted vegetables、salted egg、bacon、pickled vegetables、preserved egg、fermented bean curd and so on. Avoid eating banana, due to the banana have enough more sodium, and the nephritis with edema、high blood pressure should limit the intake of sodium.
3、Adopt fine lower protein diet, fine protein including egg、milk group、fish. Ewe’s milk have enrich nutrients and have a good effect of diuresis detumescence, you can take it.
4、Offer enough carbohydrate, the staple could take rice、flour, fat intake should adopt vegetable oil. Supplement appropriate vitamin.
5、Don’t take spicy food, such as liquor、tea、coffee and so on, all kinds of acrid condiment, like shallot、ginger、garlic、curry、mustard、black pepper and etc, all kinds of spice.
6、Avoid eating spinach、bamboo shoots、Chinese chive、fennel、celery、radish, and soybean、plucks、chicken soup、meat soup and etc, forbid to eat fried food.
For chronic nephropathy patients
1、Choose fine protein diet, eat less soybean food, if the kidney function is in compensated stage with a lot of proteinuria, the intake of protein can broaden appropriately, the intake is 1g per kilo body weight everyday. The intake of decompensated period is 0.6-0.8g per kilo body weight everyday.
2、Supplement vitamin appropriately, especially vitamin C, because vitamin C could add the absorption of iron, should take fresh vegetable and fruit, such as tomato、green vegetable、fresh Chinese date、watermelon、radish、cucumber、kiwi fruit and natural juice and so on.
3、Limit the food with high phosphorus
4、With high blood pressure and edema should limit salt and water. Control the intake of protein food.
5、Having hyperkalemia avoid eating food with high potassium, choose vegetable and fruit with attention
6、Avoid having sugar juice and spicy food
7、Choose light and easy to digest food, avoid eating seafood、beef、mutton、and spicy food、liquor、aniseed、coffee、caraway and etc, forbid to eat tonic and easy to anger food, like litchi、chocolate
8、All kinds of kidney diseases forbid to use the medicine that have damage for kidney sich as neomycin、streptomycin、gentamicin、caulis aristolochiae manshuriensis and so on.
9、The patients with high blood uric acid should especially avoid eating plucks、seafood、beer、mushroom、soybean、spinach and so on.