1、Hemodialysis patients need not eat lower protein diet
As we all know, the diet is very important for a patients, some of dialysis patients thought, when taking dialysis should take lower protein diet, this is wrong. Because taking dialysis, part of protein will lost with dialysis, the patients need to add to the intake of protein, everyday intake is 1-1.2g/kg. At the same time should take enough heat, everyday intake should control in 30-35kcal/kg. To decrease the fat metabolism disorder of uremia patients, should take few of plucks、animal fat, eat more fine protein like egg、fish and beef.
2、Limit sodium、potassium and phosphorus salt for hemodialysis patients
In clinical, for dialysis patients should control the intake of sodium、potassium and phosphorus salt strictly, everyday can take sodium salt about 6g, if have serious high blood pressure or edema should limit in 3g every day. The serum potassium is easy to elevate for dialysis patients, hyperkalemia could give rise to serious arrhythmia, even cardiac arrest. So in the diet should avoid eating high potassium food, such as crtius、grape、banana、peanut and etc. To decrease the content of potassium in the diet can make the green vegetable soak in the water more than half an hour, eat less vegetable soup, root vegetable should remove the peel, and cut it in slice, and then boil them. In addition, the patients should eat more the food with high calcium and lower phosphorus, yolk、plucks、marrow and etc. Nut contains high phosphorus, should avoid eating much more.
3、Limit the intake of water for hemodialysis patients
Taking hemodialysis for a long time will have the symptom of edema, hemodialysis patients should limit the intake of water, too much water will cause to heart failure、high blood pressure、urgent pulmonary edema even though dead. Once have a large number of ultrafiltration would give rise to hypotension、vomiting、muscle spasm、weak after taking dialysis. To relieve the sense of thirsty, should avoid drinking strong tea、espresso, you can add to lemon slice or mint leaf, or make some drink into ice cake, have a good effect of quench.