Renal atrophy is a pathological anatomy term which is based on the kidney volume and human age, gender and body height, weight compared to each other, relatively small or significantly reduced an anomaly. Glomeruli and renal tubules partially or completely destroyed, the kidneys lose their physiological function. So kidney atrophy and renal function changes are complementary. Kidney size of the judge has important clinical significance, the kidneys shrink or increase, can prompt the kidney lesions.
Following we talk about the the causes of atrophic kidney.
Main causes of renal atrophy : renal parenchymal disease, secondary kidney disease, chronic pyelonephritis, reduced renal volume, reduced function.
Renal atrophy generally occurs left renal atrophy, right kidney atrophy and renal atrophy symptoms. In general, the causes of renal atrophy are the following:
1. Firstly that the renal atrophy need to consider congenital renal hypoplasia, followed by the end of the kidney disease, that is, kidney failure, uremia or some acute illness. Such as acute glomerular disease, diabetic nephrosclerosis, renal transplant rejection, chronic glomerulonephritis, renal cortical necrosis, Alport syndrome, acute tubular necrosis, hypertensive renal sclerosis.
2. bilateral kidney or side of the kidney is mostly chronic pyelonephritis cause, which is a common cause of renal atrophy.
3. Kidney shrink. In general, the development of chronic kidney disease to renal dysfunction, especially renal failure, uremia, serum creatinine, elevated blood urea nitrogen, kidney damage, the kidneys will shrink. So to remind the kidney atrophy patients must be highly concerned about this, kidney disease hidden very strong, if the glomerular filtration rate of less than 50%, that is, severe renal injury when the clinical symptoms were produced accordingly. Renal weakness after diagnosis must be a positive look for reasons to troubleshoot the disease.
There are two reasons for renal atrophy: renal tuberculosis (unilateral kidney shrink, with contralateral kidney hydration or compensatory increase), renal artery stenosis and congenital hypoplasia.
Above is a detailed description about what are the causes of atrophic kidney,if you want to get a good treatment program, please contact our online doctor or give us Leave a message.