Chronic renal failure refers to clinical syndrome with chronic progressive renal parenchymal damage caused by a variety of causes, resulting in obvious renal atrophy, can not maintain the basic function of clinical metabolites retention, water, electrolyte, acid-base balance disorders, systemic involvement as the main performance.
The causes of renal failure include the following:
1 The pathology of kidneys: This type of renal failure accounts for about 70% of chronic renal failure. Such as various types of chronic glomerulonephritis, nephrotic syndrome, chronic interstitial nephritis, kidney stones, renal cysts, renal artery stenosis, renal tubular acidosis.
2 There are still many different theories about the cause of renal failure, but always due to renal autologous tissue disease, so patients with kidney disease should actively prevent the emergence of renal failure, take timely treatment of kidney disease.
3 The cause of renal failure is obstruction of the urinary tract: such as benign prostatic hyperplasia or tumor, urethral stricture, urethral calculus, neurogenic bladder dysfunction, easily lead to secondary infection, chronic renal failure caused by recurrent infection, accounting for about 1 / 5.
4 Systemic disease or poisoning can also lead to renal failure: Systemic diseases can affect the kidneys, leading to failure of renal function, such as: long-term hypertension, diabetes, systemic lupus erythematosus, allergic purpura, pregnancy-induced hypertension, liver Sclerosis, gout and heavy metal toxic nephropathy and so on.
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