Good salt control is the basis of good water control, the patient's family members work with patients on water and salt control programs to support nephrotic patients and create an environment that limits water and salt. Family members try to avoid drinking in front of the patient and speaking thirsty, drinking-related language, avoid placing the kettle cup in a prominent position. Try to put a little less cooking a variety of spices, many of the original taste of food is very good, need to feel, if you eat lightly, you won't want to drink water.
Replacing the cup in your home with a smaller volume and graduated, it is best to place a straw in the cup to drink water if possible. Usually do not drink tea, coffee, carbonated drinks, high-sugar drinks, such drinks will only make the more thirsty patients, not the effect of thirst. And be sure to let the patient know how much water they drink daily to facilitate self-management. When thirsty, you can use cold water mouthwash, containing ice, chewing gum, block lemon, eat a sour plum.
As far as possible to participate in the work of patients who have no job to take the initiative to find something to enrich their lives, busy life will disperse the attention of water and food in patients with kidney disease.
To develop the habit of regular fitness, fitness can not only improve the heart and lung function in patients with kidney disease, happy mood, strengthen social, but also increase the insidious loss of water (respiratory and skin moisture evaporation) and sweat emissions, reduce body water .
In the dry season, humidifier can be used to increase the air humidity in the room, reduce the feeling of dry mouth. For diabetic nephropathy patients, strict control of blood sugar, but also reduce drinking water.
For patients with chronic renal failure, no matter how much the urine volume, should limit the intake of water and salt. The one hand, due to increased water load will cause heart failure in patients, chronic heart failure or repeated multiple acute heart failure can cause sudden cardiac death. On the other hand, excessive water load can cause the patient's blood pressure to increase and increase the risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.
For dialysis patients, pre-dialysis weight gain too much will result in a single increase in the rate of dehydration, resulting in dialysis-related hypotension, excessive blood concentration caused by cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases and fistula plug, and will increase kidney ischemia led Rapid decline in residual renal function.