Now with the change of life, there are a lot of people do not pay attention to health and diet, for a long time, it will cause the onset of acute renal failure, it is a potentially chronic kidney disease, will seriously harm to the patient's health. In medicine, the treatment of the disease is pided into three periods: oliguria, diuresis, and recovery. There are differences in the methods of treating the disease during the three periods.
Acute renal failure and less treatment of urinary period: the removal of the cause and treatment principle of diseases should be corrected before the kidney of ARF systemic hemodynamic disorders, including fluid infusion, infusion of plasma and albumin, control of infection, contact kidney toxins, strictly control the renal toxicity of antibiotics medication indications, and adjusted according to the renal function of external medicine dose and close monitoring of the change of urine volume and renal function.
Diet and nutrition: high glucose, low protein, vitamin rich foods should be selected, as much as possible to provide sufficient energy. Control the intake of water and sodium: adhere to the principle of living within your means, strictly limit the intake of water and take dialysis, and relax the amount of liquid when you have dialysis support. Correction of metabolic acidosis, mild or moderate metabolic acidosis, usually requires no treatment. Treatment of electrolyte including hyperkalemia, hyponatremia, hypocalcemia and hyperphosphatemia. Dialysis treatment is under the guidance of a doctor.
Treatment of acute renal failure with exhaustion and diuresis: the early period of diuretic diuretic, renal function and GFR has not been restored, serum creatinine, serum potassium and acid poisoning continues to rise, with more urine, also can appear hypokalemia and hyponatremia and electrolyte disorder,therefore, urine volume, electrolyte and blood pressure should be monitored to correct the disorder of water and electrolyte in time,when plasma creatinine is near normal, dietary protein intake should be increased.
The treatment of acute renal failure recovery period: this period is gradually returned to normal by the kidney, but from malnutrition, anemia and low immunity, a minority of patients left the irreversible renal damage were Mongolia should rest and strengthen nutrition, prevention of infection.