Kidney disease patients developed into chronic renal failure stage, in clinical would have many symptoms, such as edema、nausea and vomiting、high blood pressure and so on. Supplying traditional Chinese medicine could relieve or eliminate these symptoms in a certain way.
1、Edema: patients with serious edema、urine and stool incontinence、chest tightness could take water-dampness method, hope discharge nitrogen and water from outside of kidney. Take medicine rhubarb about 10-30g, after saturating with water, and boil for a moment, then take it, after that take 50-100ml of 20 percent mannitol; but this method is just suit for short stage, and not suitable patients with lack of blood volume. Also could use pill for relieving ascites about 3-9g, decided into several times taking it by warm water, firstly take 3g, after an hour, defecating unobstructed don’t need to take it; if the stool still obstruct then should take another 3g. Patients with much urine should avoid it. Hemodialysis patients with anuria and not ideal dehydration, could take this method.
2、Vomiting: always take perilla leaf and coptis soup with Erchen soup、Xianbanxia-Fuling decoction、Chinese thorowax root and red ochre soup, patients with severe vomiting could add Fulonggan. The disorder of gastrointestinal function use warming the kidney and reducing turbidity, acidosis use acrid opening and bitter downbearing.
3、Bleeding: firstly use cooling blood and removing the heat from liver, and then treat with tonifying qi、warming kidney and nourishing the blood and hemoslasis. The former add or subtract by rhinoceros horn and rehmannia decoction, and patients with sthenia-heat use qingying detoxification, medicinal with cornu bubali、virgin soil、rhizoma cimicifuage、cortex moutan、manyleaf paris rhizome、radix trichosanthis、semen plantaginis、fructus aurantii immaturus、rhubarb and calculus bovis.
4、Coma and convulsion: patients yin deficiency and yang hyperactivity、liver-wind stirring, always have high blood pressure, could take gazelle and uncaria soup; patients with damp, always have encephaledema and disturbance in respiration, use Suhe pill and Fuling pill to flush phlegm and induce resuscitation.
5、High blood pressure: could use Shenfu decoction、Shenfu and dragon bone and oyster shell、Shengmai powder and etc to profit is mad positive and elevate blood pressure.
6、Diarrhea continued: it was seen mostly in uremic enteritis, every day defecate more than five times. Patients with spleen and stomach qi deficiency use Xiangsha Liujunzi decoction; heat invading large intestine use Gegen-Qinlian decoction, patients with cool in spleen and stomach use aconitum Lizhong pill and true man viscus- nourishing decoction. And could add fructus amomi rotundus、myrobalan、fructus mume、limonite、papaveris capsular to be antidiarrheal.